Pediatric Obesity Treatment Options

Pediatric obesity is a serious problem, not only in the United States but worldwide. Unfortunately, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has worsened the epidemic of childhood obesity. Solutions for treating the millions of children and adolescents with obesity are desperately needed because prevention efforts over the past several decades have not been sufficient in slowing the … Read more

UNC Charlotte-led team invents new anticoagulant platform, offering hope for advances for heart surgery, dialysis, other procedures

While blood clotting is important to prevent blood loss and for our immunity, coagulation can also cause health issues and even death. Currently, one in four people worldwide dies from diseases and conditions caused by blood clots. Meanwhile, anticoagulants used to reduce risks can also cause significant issues, such as uncontrolled bleeding. While blood clotting … Read more

After facial feminization surgery, transgender people report better psychosocial health – BIOENGINEER.ORG

A UCLA study offers the first evidence that transgender patients who receive gender-affirming facial feminization surgery reported better mental health after their procedures. A UCLA study offers the first evidence that transgender patients who receive gender-affirming facial feminization surgery reported better mental health after their procedures. The study was published in the journal Annals of … Read more

Surgery may be avoided for children with rare skull tumor – BIOENGINEER.ORG

Surgery can usually be avoided in children with a rare tumor of the skull, based on new research by investigators from Weill Cornell Medicine, New York-Presbyterian, Nicklaus Children’s Hospital, the University of Texas Southwestern, the University of British Columbia and McGovern Medical School. Credit: Dr. Mark Souweidane Surgery can usually be avoided in children with … Read more

Atrial fibrillation after surgery is linked to an increased risk of hospitalization for heart failure – BIOENGINEER.ORG

People who develop an abnormal heart rhythm after surgery have an increased risk of subsequently being admitted to hospital with heart failure, according to a study of over three million patients, which is published in the European Heart Journal [1]today (Wednesday). People who develop an abnormal heart rhythm after surgery have an increased risk of … Read more

Changed gene expression after heart surgery extends cardiomyocyte regeneration – BIOENGINEER.ORG

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – While lower vertebrates can repair their adult hearts after a heart attack, mammals – including humans – cannot. The ability to regenerate dead muscle tissue in mammalian hearts disappears just a few days after birth because the heart muscle cells, called cardiomyocytes, exit the cell cycle. BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – While lower vertebrates … Read more

How MRI and CT predict flap failure after head and neck reconstructive cancer surgery – BIOENGINEER.ORG

When a patient with head and neck cancer has surgery to remove it, they often need reconstructive surgery in the form of a “free flap”, which is skin and tissue taken from a different part of the body and connected to the blood vessels of the body. wound in need of repair. When a patient … Read more

Chinese Medical Journal review discusses an interesting weight-loss surgery procedure – BIOENGINEER.ORG

Globally, the burgeoning burden of obesity is aggravated by the limitations of available treatment options. Bariatric surgery, aimed at weight loss, falls short of addressing certain patient groups, such as those who are overweight but only mildly obese. This necessitates the need for alternative procedures to cater to the needs of patients with obesity. In … Read more

Helping more people benefit from less-invasive robotic surgery – BIOENGINEER.ORG

More than 60 million Americans live in rural communities, and according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, they’re at greater risk of death from stroke, heart disease, cancer, emphysema and other chronic lower respiratory diseases, compared to people who live in urban areas. More than 60 million Americans live in rural communities, … Read more

Automating renal access in kidney stone surgery using AI-enabled surgical robot – BIOENGINEER.ORG

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an efficient, minimally-invasive, gold standard procedure used for removing large kidney stones. Creating an access from the skin on the back to the kidney — called renal access, is a crucial yet challenging step in PCNL. An inefficiently created renal access can lead to severe complications including massive bleeding, thoracis and … Read more